Nutritional Diseases; Facts and Correlation

Nutritional Diseases; Facts and Correlation


Nutritional Disease relates to any of the nutrient-related diseases and conditions that cause illness, including deficiencies or excess in diet, obesity and eating disorders, as well as developmental abnormalities that can be prevented by diet, hereditary metabolic disorders, interaction of foods and nutrients with drugs and food allergies and intolerance.

Research indicates that unbalanced diets cause diseases, while on the other hand, certain diseases can cause inadequate intake and absorption of nutrients. 

Optimal nutrition is imperative to human health and unhealthy diet may increase the risk of chronic and life-threatening diseases.

Healthy eating helps treat diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cancers, heart diseases and high cholesterol and blood pressure. People need to follow a couple of healthy eating habits in order to protect themselves from diseases; these habits include removing highly processed foods and replacing them with healthy snacks, avoiding junk food and candy, as well as continuous exercising.

The Department of Nutrition and Food Service at Al Salam Hospital conducts assessment of the nutritional status of patients, calculate individual nutritional requirements and educate families on special and health-promoting diets or nutritional support through a specialized team members who follow the recommended instructions by the treating physicians. Nutrition requirements might change during illness or after surgery; therefore, the Department provides comprehensive medical nutrition services to all eligible patients including In-patients and Out-patients in different clinical areas; such as weight management, bariatric, nutrition support, pediatric nutrition, and chronic diseases.


  • Science Direct 
  • National Institute of Health, 2022
  • Research Gate, 2020

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